Background: The Brugada pattern is identified on the EKG by a coved ST-segment elevation accompanied by a negative T wave in the early precordial leads in the absence of a cardiac structural abnormality. Brugada pattern and Brugada syndrome should be differentiated, as the latter is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death.
Methods: The literature was searched using multiple databases to identify all the articles on Brugada pattern. Data were screened and analyzed by independent authors.
Results: Sixty articles, comprising 71 patients, were included in the study. The mean age of patients was 42.6 years, with a higher prevalence of Brugada pattern in men (83%) than women (17%). The most frequent findings associated with Brugada pattern was fever (83%). Other less common presentations included cough (21%), sore throat (10%), syncope (18%), abdominal pain (8%), and chest pain (7%). Comorbidities included pneumonia (30%), upper respiratory tract infections (14%) and smoking (14%). Among treatment modalities, 39% of patients had ICD placement performed, 44% received antibiotics, while 14% had supportive care. Adenosine was given to 3% of patients, while other antiarrhythmics like milrinone, amiodarone, sotalol, procainamide, flecainide, and nitroglycerin were given to 1% of patients. Most patients with Brugada syndrome had a satisfactory outcome, with only 4% mortality rate(WHAT ABOUT THE OTHER 11%?). Out of the 71 patients, 3% had persistent Brugada patterns, while 86% of patients recovered completely. There was no significant effect of ICD on mortality or Brugada pattern resolution (p 0.37).
Conclusion: Our study shows that fever is the main reason for unmasking the Brugada pattern in patients with this channelopathy
Roomi, Sohaib S.; Ullah, Waqas; Abbas, Hassan; Abdullah, Hafez; Talib, Usama; and Figueredod, Vincent, "Brugada syndrome unmasked by fever: a comprehensive review of literature" (2020). Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers. Paper 118.
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