Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) has been rapidly evolving since FDA’s approval in 2015 and has become more of a same-day-discharge procedure. Cancer patient with atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) population can benefit from the procedure but the in-hospital outcomes and readmission data were rarely studied.
We investigated the utilization, in-hospital and readmission outcomes in cancer patients with AF who underwent LAAO.
Data were derived from the National Inpatient Sample and National Readmissions Database from 2016 to 2019. Patients with primary diagnosis of AF admitted for LAAO (ICD-10 code 02L73DK) were grouped by cancer as a secondary diagnosis. We assessed in-hospital mortality, length of stay, total hospital charges, and complications. Thirty-day readmission rates were compared.
LAAO was performed in 60,380 patients with AF and 3% were cancer patients. There were no differences in in-hospital mortality and total hospital charges; however, cancer patients tended to have longer hospital stay (1.59 ± 0.11 vs. 1.32 ± 0.02, p = 0.013). Among complications, cancer patients had higher rates in open or percutaneous pericardial drainage (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.38; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19–4.76) and major bleeding events (aOR 7.07; 95% CI 1.82–27.38). There was no statistical significance of 30-day readmission rates between patients with and without cancer (10.0% vs. 9.1%, p = 0.34). The most common readmission reason in cancer patients was gastrointestinal bleeding.
LAAO is a promising procedure in cancer patients complicated by AF with contraindication to anticoagulation. Readmission rate is comparable between patients with and without cancer.
Zhang, Yaqi; Yang, Zhuoran; Almani, Muhammad Usman; Soon-Shiong, Raquel; and Liu, Bolun, "Utilization and Short-term Outcomes of Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion in Patients With Cancer" (2023). Einstein Health Papers. Paper 21.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.