Cutaneous adverse events of both topical and systemic drugs in patients with mycosis fungoides (MF) present a diagnostic challenge as it is often difficult to distinguish drug associated rash from disease progression in the skin. Mogamulizumab and mechlorethamine gel are approved treatments for MF, both of which can cause treatment related cutaneous adverse events. It can often be challenging to distinguish mogamulizumab associated rash (MAR) and mechlorethamine gel associated hypersensitivity dermatitis from MF progression both clinically and histologically. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) of the T-cell receptor (TCR), also known as immunosequencing, can be used to assess T-cell clonality to support a diagnosis of MF. After identification of the malignant TCR clone at baseline, immunosequencing can track the established malignant TCR sequence and its frequency over time with high sensitivity. As a result, immunosequencing clone tracking can aid in distinguishing disease progression from treatment side effects. Here, we present a case series to demonstrate how monitoring of the malignant T-cell frequency by immunosequencing can aid in diagnosis of mogamulizumab and mechlorethamine gel cutaneous adverse events.
Bhatti, Safiyyah; Joffe, Daniel; Banner, Lauren; Talasila, Sahithi; Mandel, Jenna; Lee, Jason; Porcu, Pierluigi; and Nikbakht, Neda, "Utility of T-Cell Immunosequencing in Distinguishing Mycosis Fungoides Progression From Treatment Related Cutaneous Adverse Events" (2023). Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers. Paper 191.
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