During the Wild West era of American history (approximately 1870-1900), at least 53 dermatologists settled between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Coast. In 1870, two dermatologists began their practice in the city of St Louis, Missouri (William Augustus Hardaway and Solomon Claiborne Martin, Sr) and one dermatologist started his practice in San Francisco, California (George J. Bucknall). By 1900, 50 more dermatologists had settled in 19 cities located in the American West (Tables 1,2). There, they established practices, initiated academic programs, and pioneered dermatology as a medical specialty in the western United States. This contribution provides brief biographic profiles of these early western American dermatologists. It also presents several dermatology-related vignettes from the Wild West that involved such colorful personalities as Doc Holiday, Calamity Jane, and Sister Mary Joseph. From these beginnings, 150 years ago, the specialty of dermatology would further spread and develop across the American West during the 20th century.
Hoenig, Leonard J and Parish, Lawrence Charles, "Dermatologists in the Wild West, 1870-1900: The early pioneers from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Coast." (2020). Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers. Paper 165.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
FIGURE 2 (Hoenig) Jessie B. Shelmire.docx (230 kB)
FIGURE 3 (Hoenig) Joseph Grindon, Sr..docx (327 kB)
FIGURE 4 (Hoenig) Office of Joseph Grindon.docx (608 kB)
FIGURE 5 (Hoenig) Amant Henri Ohmann-Dunesil.docx (221 kB)
FIGURE 6 (Hoenig) Johann Philipp Kanoky.docx (64 kB)
FIGURE 7 (Hoenig) caricature J Philipp Kanoky.docx (116 kB)
FIGURE 8 (Hoenig) LeGrand Norton Denslow.docx (216 kB)
FIGURE 9 (Hoenig) Burnside Foster.docx (276 kB)
FIGURE 10 (Hoenig) Advertisement for Dr. Blanc at Sewanee.pdf (507 kB)
FIGURE 11 (Hoenig) Isadore Dyer.docx (166 kB)
FIGURE 12 (HOENIG) Obituary for Giesy.jpg (3386 kB)
FIGURE 13 (Hoenig) Mansion of Alfred Schloesser.docx (43 kB)
FIGURE 14 (Hoenig) Doc Holiday.docx (66 kB)
FIGURE 15 (Hoenig) List of graduates of Pennsylvana College of Dental Surgery.docx (359 kB)
FIGURE 16 (Hoenig) Calamity Jane.docx (94 kB)