Inactivating mutations in ABCC6 underlie the rare hereditary mineralization disorder pseudoxanthoma elasticum. ABCC6 is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) integral membrane protein that mediates the release of ATP from hepatocytes into the bloodstream. The released ATP is extracellularly converted into pyrophosphate, a key mineralization inhibitor. Although ABCC6 is firmly linked to cellular ATP release, the molecular details of ABCC6-mediated ATP release remain elusive. Most of the currently available data support the hypothesis that ABCC6 is an ATP-dependent ATP efflux pump, an un-precedented function for an ABC transporter. This hypothesis implies the presence of an ATP-binding site in the substrate-binding cavity of ABCC6. We performed an extensive mutagenesis study using a new homology model based on recently published structures of its close homolog, bovine Abcc1, to characterize the substrate-binding cavity of ABCC6. Leukotriene C4 (LTC4), is a high-affinity substrate of ABCC1. We mutagenized fourteen amino acid residues in the rat ortholog of ABCC6, rAbcc6, that corresponded to the residues in ABCC1 found in the LTC4 binding cavity. Our functional characterization revealed that most of the amino acids in rAbcc6 corresponding to those found in the LTC4 binding pocket in bovine Abcc1 are not critical for ATP efflux. We conclude that the putative ATP binding site in the substrate-binding cavity of ABCC6/rAbcc6 is distinct from the bovine Abcc1 LTC4-binding site.
Recommended CitationSzeri, Flóra; Corradi, Valentina; Niaziorimi, Fatemeh; Donnelly, Sylvia; Conseil, Gwenaëlle; Cole, Susan P C; Tieleman, D Peter; and van de Wetering, Koen, "Mutagenic Analysis of the Putative ABCC6 Substrate-Binding Cavity Using a New Homology Model" (2021). Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers. Paper 152.
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