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This article is the authors’ final published version in Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis, Volume 27, November 2021, Article number 10760296211052292.

The published version is available at Copyright © Slajus et al.


Pulmonary embolism (PE) clinical manifestations vary widely, and that scope is not fully captured by current all-cause mortality risk models. PE is associated with inflammatory, coagulation, and hemostatic imbalances so blood cellular indices may be prognostically useful. Complete blood count (CBC) data may improve current risk models like the simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI) for all-cause mortality, offering greater accuracy and analytic ability. Acute PE patients (n = 228) with confirmatory diagnostic imaging were followed for all-cause mortality. Blood cellular indices were assessed for association to all-cause mortality and were supplemented into sPESI using multivariate logistic regression. Multiple blood cellular indices were found to be significantly associated with all-cause mortality in acute PE. sPESI including red cell distribution width, hematocrit and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio had better predictive ability as compared to sPESI alone (AUC: 0.852 vs 0.754). Blood cellular indices contribute an inflammatory and hemodynamic perspective not currently included in sPESI. CBC with differential is a widely used, low-cost test that can augment current risk stratification tools for all-cause mortality in acute PE patients.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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