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This article is the author’s final published version in Journal of the American Heart Association, Volume 10, Issue 6, 2021, Article number e019341.

The published version is available at Copyright © Pana et al.


BACKGROUND: The association between systemic hypertension and cerebrovascular disease is well documented. However, the impact of pulmonary hypertension (PH) on acute ischemic stroke outcomes is unknown despite PH being recognized as a risk factor for acute ischemic stroke. We aimed to determine the association between PH and adverse in-hospital outcomes after acute ischemic stroke, as well as whether there are sex differences in this association. METHODS AND RESULTS: Acute ischemic stroke admissions from the US National Inpatient Sample between October 2015 and December 2017 were included. The relationship between PH and outcomes (mortality, prolonged hospitalization >4 days, and routine home discharge) was analyzed using logistic regressions adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, and re-vascularization therapies. Interaction terms between PH and sex and age groups were also included. A total of 221 249 records representative of 1 106 045 admissions were included; 2.9% of patients had co-morbid PH, and 35.34% of those were male. PH was not associated with in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.96; 95% CI, 0.86–1.09) but was associated with increased odds of prolonged hospitalization (OR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.09–1.22) and decreased odds of routine discharge (OR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.81–0.94) for both sexes. Older patients with PH were significantly less likely to be discharged routinely (P=0.028) than their younger counterparts. Compared with female patients with PH, men were 31% more likely to die in hospital (P=0.024). CONCLUSIONS: PH was not significantly associated with in-hospital mortality but was associated with prolonged hospitalization and adverse discharge status. Male patients with PH were more likely to die in hospital than female patients.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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