BACKGROUND Factor VII (FVII) deficiency is the most common autosomal-recessive bleeding disorder. FVII activity level (FVII: C) of 10-20% is often used as the threshold for administering activated recombinant FVII (rFVIIa) for patients undergoing major surgery. However, rFVIIa is expensive and carries the risk of a thromboembolic event, and thus should only be administered when truly indicated.
CASE REPORT A 22-year-old woman with 8% FVII: C underwent a hepatectomy. Although there were no clinical signs of bleeding, peri-operative administration of rFVIIa was recommended by the hematologist (first dose at surgical incision, then 4 h later, then every 12 h until 48 h postoperatively). Intraoperatively, serials of ROTEM analysis were performed to evaluate the effect of rFVIIa administration. No significant effect of rFVIIa was seen on NATEM. Surgery was unremarkable, without any significant blood loss. The patient developed radial artery thrombosis 24 h postoperatively, the arterial line was removed, and rFVIIa was discontinued (PT: 14.6, FVII: C 36%). On POD 3, INR was elevated (3.15, FVII: C 3%). To correct INR, the patient was transfused 8 units of FFP, despite any signs of clinical bleeding. However, INR and FVII: C did not correct and the patient was discharged on POD 7 in a stable condition.
CONCLUSIONS Even with FVII: C of 8%, the ROTEM analysis revealed a normal coagulation status. The administration of rFVIIa did not improve the already normal baseline coagulation profile, but rather potentially led to an accelerated coagulation or hypercoagulable state and may have led to the radial artery thrombosis. We endorse the use of viscoelastic testing for hemostasis assessment and factor replacement in congenital FVII deficiency.
Yeom, Richard S.; Wang, Xuejun A.; Elia, Elia; and Yoon, Uzung, "Severe Congenital Factor VII Deficiency with Normal Perioperative Coagulation Profile Based on ROTEM Analysis in a Hepatectomy." (2021). Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers. Paper 69.
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