A 35-year-old lady with a history of possible tuberculosis infection 15 years ago presented to the clinic with the chief complaint of cough. Incidental chest CT showed a right paratracheal and medial right apical heterogeneous soft tissue mass with central areas of calcification that warranted further investigation. A routine endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) discovered isolated lobar pulmonary agenesis as the underlying cause of the mass without findings of malignancy on pathology reports.
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Zhang, Qian and Shan, Khine S., "A Mysterious Paratracheal Mass: Pulmonary Agenesis." (2020). Abington Jefferson Health Papers. Paper 37.