Background: Right heart catheterization (RHC) is the gold-standard in the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) but at the cost of procedure-related complications. We sought to determine the comparative accuracy of RHC versus non-invasive imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE).
Methods: Pulmonary hypertension was defined as a mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) of>20 mmHg. Multiple databases were queried for relevant articles. Raw data were pooled using a bivariate model to calculate the measures of diagnostic accuracy and to estimate Hierarchical Summary Receiver Operating Characteristic (HSROC) on Stata 13.
Results: A total of 51 studies with a total patient population of 3947 were selected. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of MRI for diagnosing PH was 0.92(95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-0.96) and 0.86 (95% CI, 0.77-0.95), respectively. The net sensitivities for CT scan and TTE were 0.79 (95% CI 0.72-0.89) and 0.85 (95% CI 0.83-0.91), respectively. The overall specificity was 0.82 (0.76-0.92) for the CT scan and 0.71 (95% CI 0.61-0.84) for TTE. The diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) for MRI was 124 (95% CI 36-433) compared to 30 (95% CI 11-78) and 24 (95% 11-38) for CT scan and TTE, respectively. Chi-squared (
Conclusions: MRI has the highest sensitivity and specificity compared to CT and TTE. MRI can potentially serve as a surrogate technique to RHC for the diagnosis of PH.
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Ullah, Waqas; Minalyan, Artem; Saleem, Sameer; Nadeem, Nayab; Abdullah, Hafez M; Abdalla, Abdelmohaymin; Chan, Vincent; Saeed, Rehan; Khan, Maria; Collins, Sara; Mukhtar, Maryam; Grover, Harshwant; Sattar, Yasar; Panchal, Ankur; Narayana Gowda, Smitha; Khwaja, Uneza; Lashari, Bilal; and Fischman, David L, "Comparative accuracy of non-invasive imaging versus right heart catheterization for the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis." (2020). Abington Jefferson Health Papers. Paper 31.