Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-2012

Comments

This article has been peer reviewed. It is the authors' final version prior to publication in Journal of Urban Health

Volume 89, Issue 4, August 2012, Pages 709-716.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1007/s11524-012-9675-9. Copyright © Springer.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a prevalent chronic health condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Those with diabetes must acquire self-efficacy in the tasks necessary for them to successfully manage their disease. In this study, a controlled pre- and post-design was used to determine the effect of an adult support and education group visit program embedded in an urban academic family medicine practice on weight and the achievement of treatment goals for hemoglobin A1C, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) blood concentration, and blood pressure (BP) several months after it was implemented. Participants in the program were matched to a comparison group based on age, gender, race/ethnicity, and zip code group, a surrogate marker for socioeconomic status. The distribution of demographic characteristics and co-morbidities was similar between the groups. Significant increases occurred in the proportion of participants achieving both an A1C concentration