Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2011

Comments

This article has been peer reviewed. It was published in Journal of Obesity.

Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 218250, 10 pages.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1155/2011/218250. Copyright © Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Abstract

The relationship between obesity and cancer screening varies by screening test, race, and gender. Most studies on cervical cancer screening found a negative association between increasing weight and screening, and this negative association was most consistent in white women. Recent literature on mammography reports no association with weight. However, some studies show a negative association in white, but not black, women. In contrast, obese/overweight men reported higher rates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing. Comparison of prostate cancer screening, mammography, and Pap smears implies a gender difference in the relationship between screening behavior and weight. In colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, the relationship between weight and screening in men is inconsistent, while there is a trend towards lower CRC screening in higher weight women.

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