In the tradition of excellence that Dr. Gibbon maintained, the Gibbon Surgical Society was created at Thomas Jefferson University to provide medical students with a variety of surgical experiences and educational opportunities in the field of surgery. John H. Gibbon Jr., MD, Jefferson professor and chairman of surgery (1956-1967), is renowned in medical history as the inventor of the heart-lung machine, which made possible the world’s first successful open-heart operation at Jefferson in 1953. Dr. Gibbon focused international attention on Jefferson by ushering in a new era of cardiac surgery.

Student members of the Gibbon Surgical Society prepare a monthly "historical vignette" focusing on Jeffersonians who have made a major impact in the field of surgery. These vignettes are usually presented during a Thursday morning conference in the Department of Surgery. Some vignettes have also been published in The American Surgeon..

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Submissions from 2021

The Office of the Surgeon General and the Two Surgeons who Have Held the Role, Marisa A. Joel, BA

Submissions from 2020

John Alexander, MD (1891-1954): A leader in thoracic and tuberculosis surgery, Christopher A. Gardner

Nina Braunwald, MD (1928-1992), Emily J. Papai, MS4

Submissions from 2018

Charles Heber McBurney (1845-1913), Su Mae Ang

Bernard J. Miller, MD, ScD (Hon.) (1918-2007): The Life and Scientific Contributions of a Crucial Figure in the Development of the Heart-Lung Machine, Tyler M. Bauer

The Legend of George J. Willauer MD (1896-1977), Harold Salmons and Myles Dworkin

César Roux (1857-1934): Surgeon, Innovator, Educator, Elwin Tham and Su Mae Ang

Submissions from 2017

Dr. Robert Reynolds Macintosh (1897-1989) Forefather of Anesthesiology, Advocate for Patient Safety, Haig Minassian, BA

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Robert Reynolds Macintosh, M.D. (1897-1989): Forefather of Anesthesiology, Advocate for Patient Safety., Haig Minassian, Scott W. Cowan, and Charles J. Yeo

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William Arbuthnot Lane (1856-1943): Surgical Innovator and His Theory of Autointoxication., Mackenzie Morris, Thea Price, Scott W. Cowan, Charles J. Yeo, and Benjamin Phillips

Jonathan Letterman, MD: The Surgeon-Soldier a his Reforms of Battlefield Medicine, Hunter D.D. Witmer, MSIII

Submissions from 2016

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James Mann, M.D. (1759-1832): Military Surgeon for the "Second War of Independence"., Eliza C. Anderson, MD; Scott W. Cowan, MD; and Charles J. Yeo, MD

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A Brief Overview of the Life and Work of Lyon Henry Appleby, M.D. (1895-1970)., Jon Harrison, Michael J. Pucci, Scott W. Cowan, and Charles Yeo

Dr. Algernon B. Jackson (1878-1942) A Pioneer for Community and Minority Advocacy, Megan Elizabeth Lundy, MS4 and Melissa Lazar, MD

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Remembering Dr. Henry W. Gray (1827-1861) and His Timeless Contribution to Modern Medical Education., Niti Shahi, Abigail L. Brooks, Charles J. Yeo, Scott W. Cowan, and Gerald A. Isenberg

Malcolm C. Grow, MD: Soldier, Surgeon, Airman, 2LT Tyler Walker, Class of 2018

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Emil Zuckerkandl, M.D. (1849-1910): Bridging Anatomic Study and the Operating Room Table., Leah Winer, MD; Pankhuri Jha; Scott W. Cowan, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott D. Goldstein, MD

Submissions from 2015

Evan O'Neill Kane, MD (1861-1932): Self-surgeon and catalyst for American Surgery, Peter Altshuler, MS3

Dr. James Mann: Military Surgeon for the 'second war of independence', Eliza Anderson, MD

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Alton Ochsner, MD (1896-1981): surgical pioneer and legacy linking smoking and disease., Christina L. Costantino, MD; Jordan M. Winter, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

A Brief Overview of the Life and Work of Lyon Henry Appleby, MD (1895-1970), Jon Harrison, MS IV

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Dr. Mary Edwards Walker: years ahead of her time., Dre M. Irizarry, BS; Nicole Salomone, AS; Karen A. Chojnacki, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; Scott W. Cowan, MD; and Linda J. Bogar, MD

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Vivien Thomas: master craftsman, gifted teacher, and unsung hero., Alisha Joyner, B.S.; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

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Francis Daniels Moore: one of the brightest minds in the surgical field., Sara L. Low, BS; Charles J. Yeo, MD; Scott W. Cowan, MD; and Ashesh P. Shah, MD

Norman Bethune MD: A Surgeon to the Underprivileged (1890-1939), Amit Mishra, MSIV

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Frederic E. Mohs, M.D. (1910-2002): physician and innovator., Nicholas A. Ross, B.A.; Nazanin Saedi, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

John H. Brinton, MD Fifth Co-Chair of the Department of Surgery, Claire M. Sokas, MSIII

Submissions from 2014

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Robert Edward Gross (1905-1988): ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus and the birth of a specialty., Alexander V. Chalphin, BS; Charles J. Yeo, MD; Scott W. Cowan, MD; and Stacey Milan, MD

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Francis F. Maury, M.D. (1840 to 1879): an often forgotten pioneer in early American surgery., Guillaume S. Chevrollier, B.S.; Scott W. Cowan, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and John C. Kairys, MD

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Mary H. Gibbon: teamwork of the heart., Alexandra Columbus, BA; Scott W. Cowan, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Stacey A. Milan, MD

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Dr. Seishu Hanaoka (1760-1835): surgeon, pharmacist, and anesthesiologist., Drew L. Kotler, B.A.; Hitoshi Hirose, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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Roscoe Reid Graham (1890 to 1948): a Canadian pioneer in general surgery., Christine C. Piper, BA; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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Ambroise Paré (1510 to 1590): a surgeon centuries ahead of his time., James T. Shen, B.S.; Michael Weinstein, MD; Alec C. Beekley, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

Submissions from 2013

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Samuel D. Gross, M.D. (1805-1884): an innovator, even in death., Peter R. Bucciarelli, B.S.; John C. Kairys, MD; Ernest L. Rosato, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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William Edwards Ladd, M.D. (1880-1967): the description of his bands., Pei-Wen Lim, MD; Niels D. Martin, MD; Barry A. Hicks, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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Chevalier Jackson, M.D. (1865-1958): Il ne se repose jamais., Phi D Nguyen, B.A.; Scott W. Cowan, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Nathaniel R. Evans III, M.D.

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Abdominal intercostal hernia: a rare complication after blunt trauma., Phi D Nguyen, B.A.; Michael J. Pucci, MD; Jay S. Jenoff, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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John Chalmers DaCosta (1863-1933): restoration of the old operating table., Madalyn G. Peters, MD; Adam C. Berger, MD; Gordon Schwartz, MD, MBA, FACS; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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Edoardo Bassini (1844-1924): father of modern-day hernia surgery., Wei Phin Tan, B.S.; Harish Lavu, MD; Ernest L. Rosato, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

Submissions from 2012

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Baron Guillaume Dupuytren: when brilliance combats professionalism., Sean M. Devitt, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

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Christian Albert Theodor Billroth, M.D., founding father of abdominal surgery (1829-1894)., Zhi Ven Fong, B.S.; Harish Lavu, MD; Ernest L. Rosato, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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Emil Theodor Kocher, M.D., and his Nobel Prize (1841-1917)., Zhi Ven Fong, B.S.; Ernest L. Rosato, MD; Harish Lavu, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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Theodor Billroth and his musical life., Patrick A. Hartendorp, B.S.; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

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John Y. Templeton III: Pioneer of modern cardiothoracic surgery., Jing Li, B.S.; Herbert E. Cohn, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Scott W. Cowan, MD

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John Blair Deaver, M.D., and his marvelous retractor., Timothy E. Newhook, MD; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

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Sir William Osler, M.D., C.M., Jonathan Sarik, B.S.; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

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James Marion Sims, M.D., LL.D., Jonathan Tavares, B.S.; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

Submissions from 2011

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Thomas Dent Mütter: the humble narrative of a surgeon, teacher, and curious collector., Jennifer A. Baker, B.S.; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

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John H. Gibbon, Jr., M.D.: surgical innovator, pioneer, and inspiration., Jordan P. Bloom, B.S.; Charles J. Yeo, MD; Herbert E. Cohn, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

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Robert Milton Zollinger, M.D., teacher, surgeon, soldier, and farmer., Fiona M. Chory, B.S.; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD

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The evolution of cauterization: from the hot iron to the Bovie., Michelle F. DeLeon, MS; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney Maxwell, IV, MD

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The Gross clinic, the Agnew clinic, and the Listerian revolution., Caitlyn M. Johnson, B.S.; Charles J. Yeo, MD; and Pinckney J. Maxwell, IV, MD