OBJECTIVE: Plasma adiponectin (APN) levels are decreased in diabetic patients. Dysfunctional mitochondrial biogenesis is involved in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) pathogenesis, by unclear mechanisms. The present study determined (1) whether myocardial mitochondrial biogenesis was impaired in cardiomyocytes exposed to a high glucose/high fat (HGHF) medium (a T2DM in vitro model), (2) the effects of APN administration upon mitochondrial biogenesis in cardiomyocytes affected by HGHF incubation, and 3) the involved underlying mechanisms.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) were isolated and incubated in HGHF medium. Mitochondrial function was assessed by ATP content, and fluorescent microscopic analysis of myocardial apoptosis was determined by TUNEL staining and caspase-3 activity.
RESULTS: HGHF treatment reduced mitochondrial biogenesis, altered mitochondrial structure, and induced mitochondrial dysfunction in NRVMs. Administration of APN partially rescued these effects. However, siRNA-mediated knockdown of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1α) significantly blocked the beneficial effects of APN in mitochondria and cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation injury.
CONCLUSIONS: In the current study, we have provided the direct in vitro evidence that APN partially rescues HGHF-induced impairment of mitochondrial biogenesis and function via PGC-1α-mediated signaling.
Wang, H.; Yan, W.-J.; Zhang, J.-L.; Zhang, F.-Y.; Gao, C.; Wang, Y.-J.; Lau, W.B.; and Tao, L., "Adiponectin partially rescues high glucose/high fat-induced impairment of mitochondrial biogenesis and function in a PGC-1α dependent manner." (2017). Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers. Paper 146.
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