The use of radiation treatment (RT) is usually reserved for residual or recurrent craniopharyngiomas, and the role of RT alone and not as an adjunctive therapy to surgery has not been clearly defined. The authors describe a case of a 50-year-old man presenting with a large suprasellar craniopharyngioma with extension into the third ventricle, producing acute hydrocephalus. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was performed concurrently with an endoscopic biopsy. Treatment with fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery (FSR) resulted in near resolution of the lesion with no evidence of recurrence over six years. A review of RT for the treatment of craniopharyngiomas without surgical resection is performed.

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