PURPOSE: We performed a systematic review on 3 major types of scleral-fixated intraocular lens (SFIOL) implantations and conducted subgroup analyses on pediatric population and subjects with Marfan syndrome.
DESIGN: Systematic review.
METHODS: We performed a search in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and Embase for English language articles with keywords "(sutured intraocular lens) OR (SFIOL) OR (sutureless intraocular lens) OR (glued intraocular lens) OR (intrascleral intraocular lens) OR (SFIOL)" through October 16, 2019. Articles reporting individual outcomes after SFIOL were included in this systematic review. Recorded outcome measures included intraoperative and postoperative complications, endothelial cell changes, and intraocular lens-related outcomes.
RESULTS: Our search yielded 217 papers. After removing duplicated and irrelevant reports, we included 57 articles involving 2624 eyes. The mean age at operation was 51.47 ± 25.62 years. Sutured SFIOL was most commonly reported in all subjects with Marfan syndrome and 92.87% of pediatric patients. The pooled intraoperative complication rate was 6.65%. Minor anterior chamber hemorrhage was the most common intraoperative (1.92%) and postoperative complication (13.93%). Optic capture was the top intraocular lens (IOL)-related complication (4.47%). The overall mean endothelial cell loss was 8.95% at 16.77 ± 11.04 months. Overall 11.99% of SFIOLs were decentred with a mean distance of 0.49 ± 0.40 mm and a mean degree of tilt by 4.11 ± 3.03°.
CONCLUSIONS: Glued SFIOL had the fewest IOL-related complications and the lowest endothelial cell loss. Sutured SFIOL carried the highest IOL-related complications, whereas sutureless, glueless SFIOL was associated with the greatest endothelial cell loss.
Recommended CitationWong, Ho Ming; Kam, Ka Wai; Rapuano, Christopher J; and Young, Alvin L, "A Systematic Review on Three Major Types of Scleral-Fixated Intraocular Lens Implantation" (2021). Wills Eye Hospital Papers. Paper 135.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.