The Ca(2+) content in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) determines the amount of Ca(2+) released, thereby regulating the magnitude of Ca(2+) transient and contraction in cardiac muscle. The Ca(2+) content in the SR is known to be regulated by two factors: the activity of the Ca(2+) pump (SERCA) and Ca(2+) leak through the ryanodine receptor (RyR). However, the direct relationship between the SERCA activity and Ca(2+) leak has not been fully investigated in the heart. In the present study, we evaluated the role of the SERCA activity in Ca(2+) leak from the SR using a novel saponin-skinned method combined with transgenic mouse models in which the SERCA activity was genetically modulated. In the SERCA overexpression mice, the Ca(2+) uptake in the SR was significantly increased and the Ca(2+) transient was markedly increased. However, Ca(2+) leak from the SR did not change significantly. In mice with overexpression of a negative regulator of SERCA, sarcolipin, the Ca(2+) uptake by the SR was significantly decreased and the Ca(2+) transient was markedly decreased. Again, Ca(2+) leak from the SR did not change significantly. In conclusion, the selective modulation of the SERCA activity modulates Ca(2+) uptake, although it does not change Ca(2+) leak from the SR.
Morimoto, Satoshi; Hongo, Kenichi; Kusakari, Yoichiro; Komukai, Kimiaki; Kawai, Makoto; O-Uchi, Jin; Nakayama, Hiroyuki; Asahi, Michio; Otsu, Kinya; Yoshimura, Michihiro; and Kurihara, Satoshi, "Genetic modulation of the SERCA activity does not affect the Ca(2+) leak from the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum." (2014). Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers. Paper 26.