Debriefing is an essential part of the simulation experience because this is where most of the learning occurs (Arafah, Hansen & Nichols, 2010). To date, there are no validated instruments to measure the ability of a facilitator to effectively debrief learners after a patient simulation.
This poster describes phase one of a pilot study to develop and evaluate an instrument that assesses the effectiveness of a debriefing facilitator. The instrument is based on the current scientific literature and was tested to establish reliability and validity. In phase one, the Delphi Technique was selected as it has been shown to be a cost effective method of generating ideas and achieving consensus on a particular issue where there is a lack of empirical evidence (Powell, 2003). The process for establishing the panel, collecting and analyzing responses and achieving acceptable level of consensus will be described.
Arafeh, J. M. R., Hansen, S. S. & Nichols, A. (2010). Debriefing in simulated-based learning: Facilitating a reflective discussion. Journal of Perinatal Neonatal Nursing, 24(4), 302-309. Powell, C. (2003). The Delphi Technique: Myths and realities. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 41(4), 376-382.
After viewing this poster the participants should be able to:
1. Describe best practice for effective facilitation of debriefing following simulation in health professions education.
2. Describe the process of the Delphi Technique in establishing instrument reliability and validity.
3. Discuss the benefits and challenges of using the Delphi Technique in instrument development.
Herge, OTD, OTR/L, E. Adel; Wainwright, PT, PhD, Susan; and Saylor, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, Jennifer, "Use of the Delphi Technique in Instrument Development to Assess Debriefing Facilitation" (2015). Thomas Jefferson University Faculty Days. Paper 50.