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This article has been peer reviewed. It is the authors' final version prior to publication in European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

Volume 42, Issue 3, March 30, 2012, Pages: 587-589.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1093/ejcts/ezs156. Copyright © Oxford University Press


A 49-year old female presented with severe heart failure with end-organ dysfunction and was placed on veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge to a decision for end-organ recovery. While on ECMO, the patient developed massive haemoptysis after a Swan-Ganz catheter manipulation. The haemoptysis was not controllable by conventional methods including bronchoscopy with cold saline and epinephrine lavage, bronchial blocker or angiography. The endotracheal tube was clamped to provide tamponade and the patient relied on full ECMO support for 36 h. After the haemoptysis resolved, the endotracheal tube was unclamped. The patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome and was ventilated using the ARDSnet protocol with continued support from ECMO. On post-ECMO day 20, the patient underwent a successful ECMO wean and a Heart Mate II left ventricular assist device placement.

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