While traditionally performed through an open approach, the role of minimally invasive technologies has evolved in its application to esophageal resection. Esophagectomy is associated with significant morbidity, which has led to interest in developing minimally invasive esophagectomy (e.g., laparoscopic/thoracoscopic approaches) to address this issue. As a result, the role of minimally invasive approaches for esophageal resection has evolved, with a growing body of literature describing these techniques. Minimally invasive approaches have been applied to transhiatal esophagectomy, with application of both laparoscopic and robotic-assisted techniques. Although minimally invasive esophagectomy approaches are well-described in the literature for esophageal malignancies, the efficacy of robotic-assisted esophagectomy is not as well established. Since the initial reports of this application, the adoption of this technology for esophagectomy has continued to expand. As the role for robotic techniques has expanded across esophageal resection approaches, a more defined application to minimally invasive transhiatal esophagectomy (MI-THE) has developed. Our group has sought to adapt laparoscopic and robotic techniques to the transhiatal approach for both malignant and end-stage benign esophageal disease. With growing MI-THE experience, operative technique has been further refined. This report describes the operative technique and best practices for robotic-assisted transhiatal esophagectomy with cervical esophagogastric anastomosis, including preoperative preparation, operative technique, postoperative care, and perioperative outcomes.
Recommended CitationGrenda, MD, Tyler; Lin, Jules; Chang, Andrew C.; and Reddy, Rishindra M., "Minimally invasive transhiatal esophagectomy" (2021). Department of Surgery Faculty Papers. Paper 197.
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