Cutaneous leishmaniasis is endemic to South America where diagnosis is most commonly conducted via microscopy. Patients with suspected leishmaniasis were referred for enrollment by the Ministry of Health (MoH) in Lima, Iquitos, Puerto Maldonado, and several rural areas of Peru. A 43-question survey requesting age, gender, occupation, characterization of the lesion(s), history of leishmaniasis, and insect-deterrent behaviors was administered. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was conducted on lesion materials at the Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 in Lima, and the results were compared with those obtained by the MoH using microscopy. Factors associated with negative microscopy and positive PCR results were identified using χ
Lamm, Ryan; Alves, Clark; Perrotta, Grace; Murphy, Meagan; Messina, Catherine; Sanchez, Juan F.; Perez, Erika; Rosales, Luis Angel; Lescano, Andres G.; Smith, Edward; Valdivia, Hugo; Fuhrer, Jack; and Ballard, Sarah-Blythe, "Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Negative Microscopic Diagnosis of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Rural Peru." (2018). Department of Surgery Faculty Papers. Paper 160.