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This article has been peer reviewed. It is the authors' final version prior to publication in Annals of Surgery

Volume 258, Issue 2, August 2013, Pages 331-335.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31827fe9ce. Copyright © Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins


OBJECTIVE: To determine whether SMAD4 expression is associated with recurrence pattern after resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA).

BACKGROUND: SMAD4 expression status has been reported to be associated with patterns of failure in PDA, but studies have not examined recurrence patterns after resection.

METHODS: A tissue microarray was constructed including 127 patients with resected PDA and either short-term (<12 >months) or long-term (>30 months) survival. SMAD4 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and categorized as present or lost in tumor cells. Conventional pathologic features (lymph node metastases, positive resection margin, poor grade, and tumor size) were recorded, and disease-specific outcomes (eg, recurrence pattern and early cancer-specific mortality) were determined.

RESULTS: Loss of SMAD4 expression in pancreatic adenocarcinoma was identified in 40 of 127 patients (32%). SMAD4 loss occurred in 27% of patients who experienced isolated local recurrence, 33% of patients with a distant recurrence, 33% of patients who experienced local and distant site recurrences, and 25% of patients who were without evidence of recurrence (Fisher exact, P = 0.9). In a multivariate analysis, the presence of regional lymph node metastases was the only factor associated with the development of distant metastases (odds ratio = 4.7, P = 0.02). SMAD4 was neither associated with recurrence pattern (odds ratio = 0.9, P = 0.9) nor associated with early death (odds ratio = 0.5, P = 0.15).

CONCLUSIONS: Primary tumor SMAD4 expression status was not a predictor of recurrence pattern in a large cohort of patients with resected PDA.

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