Theodora Fynn, Ritu Grewal, Karl Doghramji, Prakash Vasudevan, and Tingting Zhan
Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Maxillo-mandibular Advancement Surgery: Evaluation and Predictors of Success
Daniel Taub, DMD, MD; Michael Courtney, DMD, MD; and Karl Doghramji, MD
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a well-recognized disease entity affecting approximately 2% to 4% of the population. Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery is a highly successful surgical alternative to poorly tolerated CPAP therapy and achieves a success rate of 89% in the current literature. Our present study evaluates the effectiveness of MMA surgery in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe OSA based on Shers criteria of 50% reduction in AHI and AHI < 20. Radiographic and clinical treatment variables were evaluated in determining predictors of success for MMA in individuals with OSA.
Kathy Tran, DO and Karl Doghramji, MD
Adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy has been an ongoing dilemma in obstructive sleep apnea patients and up to 83% of patients are noncompliant. It is believed that mask discomfort or pressure intolerance are the major causes. Aerophagia, or “air swallowing” may be an under-recognized and insidious cause for CPAP nonadherence. Patients generally complain of belching, bloating, abdominal pain and distention. Some studies have reported worsening gastrointestinal reflux symptoms from PAP-induced aerophagia. Although bi-level positive airway pressure (BIPAP) is often utilized in such circumstances, this practice had not been examined. We hypothesized that transitioning patients from CPAP to BiPAP would relieve aerophagia and improve compliance.
Kathy Tran, DO and Ritu Grewal, MD
We propose to introduce online CBT-I into our patient practice by distributing flyers to patients who complain of insomnia. We have made flyers available in all the exam rooms and educated physicians, nurse practitioners and staff. We will then review charts after the intervention period to evaluate for an increase in recommendation for CBT-I as a treatment option and education for patients.
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