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This is the author’s final published version in the Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy

Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2015.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.4172/2167-0277.1000e133. Copyright © Sharma et al.


OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the plethysmographic signal-derived oxygen desaturation index (ODI) as an inpatient screening strategy to identify sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF).

BACKGROUND: SDB is highly prevalent among patients hospitalized with CHF but is widely underdiagnosed. We evaluated overnight photoplethysmography as a possible screening strategy for hospitalized patients with CHF.

METHODS: Consecutively admitted heart failure patients with high clinical suspicion of SDB and ODI ≥5 were offered outpatient polysomnography (PSG), which was completed within 4 weeks of discharge. PSG was considered positive if the apnea hypoxia index (AHI) was ≥5. A Bland-Altman plot was used to assess agreement between ODI and AHI. Receiver-operator characteristics were determined for ODI ≥5 and AHI ≥5.

RESULTS: A screening questionnaire identified 246 of 282 consecutive patients with positive symptoms for SDB. Of these patients, 105 patients were offered further evaluation and 86 had ODI ≥5 (mean ODI 17 ± 17). Among these 86 patients, 68 underwent outpatient PSG within 4 weeks of discharge. PSG showed that 64 (94%) had SDB, with a mean AHI of 28. Inpatient ODI correlated well with PSG-derived AHI. The area under the curve was 0.82 for AHI ≥5. The Bland-Altman plot revealed no major bias. Matthew's correlation coefficient revealed that the optimal cut-off for ODI is 5.

CONCLUSIONS: Screening hospitalized patients with heart failure using targeted inpatient ODI identifies a cohort of patients with a high prevalence of SDB. Our screening strategy provides a potentially cost-effective method for early detection and treatment of SDB.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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