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This article is the author's final published version in Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine, Volume 13, Issue 4, December 2022, Pages 415 - 420.

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Copyright © 2022 Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine.

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Study Design: The study design used was a retrospective cohort. Objective: The objective of this study is to determine if intraoperative improvements in sagittal alignment on the operating table persisted on postoperative standing radiographs. Summary of Background Data: Cervical sagittal alignment may be correlated to postoperative outcomes. Since anterior cervical discectomy and fusions (ACDFs) can restore some cervical lordosis through intervertebral grafts/cages, it is important to understand if intraoperative radiographic measurements correlate with persistent postoperative radiographic changes. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing elective primary ACDF were screened for the presence of lateral cervical radiographs preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively. Patients were excluded if their first postoperative radiograph was more than 3 months following the procedure or if cervical lordosis was not able to be measured at each time point. Paired t-tests were utilized to compare differences in measurements between time points. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: Of 46 included patients, 26 (56.5%) were female, and the mean age was 55.2 ± 11.6 years. C0-C2 lordosis significantly increased from the preoperative to intraoperative time point (delta [Δ] = 4.49, P = 0.029) and significantly decreased from the intraoperative to postoperative time period (Δ = -6.57, P < 0.001), but this resulted in no significant preoperative to postoperative change (Δ = -2.08, P = 0.096). C2 slope decreased from the preoperative to the intraoperative time point (Δ = -3.84, P = 0.043) and significantly increased from the intraoperative to the postoperative time point (Δ = 3.68, P = 0.047), which also resulted in no net change in alignment between the preoperative and postoperative periods (Δ = -0.16, P = 0.848). There was no significant difference in the C2-C7 SVA from the preoperative to intraoperative (Δ = 0.85, P = 0.724) or intraoperative to postoperative periods (Δ = 2.04, P = 0.401); however, the C2-C7 SVA significantly increased from the preoperative to postoperative period (Δ = 2.88, P = 0.006). Conclusions: Intraoperative positioning predominantly affects the mobile upper cervical spine, particularly C0-C2 lordosis and C2 slope, but these changes do not persist postoperatively.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.