Background: Several studies have reported excellent results after surgical repair of proximal hamstring avulsions. However, the effect on these patients of receiving workers' compensation has not yet been explored.
Hypothesis: Workers' compensation patients undergoing proximal hamstring repair of complete tears will have similar outcomes when compared with a matched control group of non-workers' compensation patients.
Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.
Methods: Workers' compensation patients who underwent complete proximal hamstring avulsion open repair between 2010 and 2019 were identified (WC group). A control group was matched by age (±3 years), sex, and body mass index (BMI; ±3). Demographics and patient-reported outcome measures were compared, including standard and custom Marx activity rating scale (MARS), standard and custom lower extremity functional scale (LEFS), and visual analog scale (VAS) for pain. Rate and time to return to work were recorded.
Results: The WC group was composed of 20 patients (8 men, 12 women) with a mean age of 52.3 years and BMI of 32.4. The 20 matched controls (8 men, 12 women) who underwent repair had a mean age of 50.6 years and a mean BMI of 31.2. There was no difference between the groups regarding age (
Conclusion: Workers' compensation patients who underwent open proximal hamstring repair for complete avulsions experienced inferior patient-reported outcomes, required more time to return to work, and returned to work at a lower rate than a matched control group.
Johnson, Emma E; Brutico, Joseph M; Rangavajjula, Lasya; Xia, Yuwei; Paul, Ryan W; Otlans, Peters; Arner, Justin W; Hammoud, Sommer; Bradley, James P; and Cohen, Steven B, "Open Repair of Complete Proximal Hamstring Avulsions in Workers' Compensation Patients" (2022). Rothman Institute Faculty Papers. Paper 180.
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This article is the author's final published version in Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, Volume 10, Issue 9, September 2022,
The published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1177/23259671221119774.
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