Transtrochanteric curved varus osteotomy (TCVO) and transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) are joint-preserving procedures for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The purpose of this review is to provide up-to-date guidelines for the osteotomies. One retrospective comparison revealed that TCVO has shorter operation time, less bleeding, lower incidence of osteophyte formation, and lower rate of secondary collapse. To obtain successful results of the osteotomy, the patient should be younger than 40 years and should have a body mass index of less than 24 kg/m2. The osteotomy should be performed in early stages of femoral head osteonecrosis before marked collapse of the femoral head. The patient should have a medium-size lesion and an enough viable bone to restore the intact articular surface and subchondral bone in the weight-bearing area.
Recommended CitationLee, Young-Kyun; Lee, Beomseok; Parvizi, Javad; Ha, Yong-Chan; and Koo, Kyung-Hoi, "Which Osteotomy for Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head and Which Patient for the Osteotomy?" (2019). Rothman Institute. Paper 113.
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