Advances in modern clinical ultrasound include developments in ultrasound signal processing, imaging techniques and clinical applications. Improvements in ultrasound processing include contrast and high-fidelity ultrasound imaging to expand B-mode imaging and microvascular (or microluminal) discrimination. Similarly, volumetric sonography, automated or intelligent ultrasound, and fusion imaging developed from the innate limitations of planar ultrasound, including user-operator technical dependencies and complex anatomic spatial prerequisites. Additionally, ultrasound techniques and instrumentation have evolved towards expanding access amongst clinicians and patients. To that end, portability of ultrasound systems has become paramount. This has afforded growth into the point-of-care ultrasound and remote or tele-ultrasound arenas. In parallel, advanced applications of ultrasound imaging have arisen. These include high frequency superficial sonograms to diagnose dermatologic pathologies as well as various intra-cavitary or lesional interrogations by contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Properties such as realtime definition and ease-of-access have spumed procedural and interventional applications for vascular access. This narrative review provides an overview of these advances and potential future directions of ultrasound.
Gummadi, MD, Sriharsha; Eisenbrey, PhD, John R.; Li, MD, Jingzhi; Li, MD, Zhaojun; Forsberg, PhD, Flemming; Lyshchik, MD, Andrej; and Liu, MD, Ji-Bin, "Advances in Modern Clinical Ultrasound" (2018). Department of Radiology Faculty Papers. Paper 66.