Document Type


Publication Date




  • The field of motor rehabilitation is in need of more efficient and effective rehabilitation strategies.
  • Each year, almost 2.5 million Americans suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI) and roughly 800,000 Americans experience a stroke. 1, 2
  • The total annual direct and indirect costs of stroke and TBI in the United States are $65.5 billion and between $48 and $56 billion, respectively.3, 4
  • A promising new approach may lie in using sound as a neuromodulatory tool to access motor areas of the brain.
  • Pianists, for example, can improve their performance of a previously practiced musical piece just by listening to the piece before the next time they play.5

Included in

Public Health Commons