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This article has been peer reviewed. It is the authors' final version prior to publication in Delaware Medical Journal Volume 65, Issue 8, August 1993, Pages 493-495. © Medical Society of Delaware.


Children undergoing chemotherapy for cancer are at increased risk of supervening infection, including bacteremia. This may be due to immunosuppression as well as the presence of intravascular devices such as central venous catheters. Bacteria responsible for these infections include those found in the child's endogenous flora as well as in environmental sources. We report the case of a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who developed bacteremia secondary to Ochrobactrum anthropi. Details of this extremely rare infection are the focus of this report.