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Context: Simple tandem repeat loci are used to track bone marrow engraftment using mononuclear buffy coat cells and T-cells. Poor isolation purity of these subpopulations can result in lower analytical sensitivity of the bone marrow engraftment assay by diluting the cell population in question with other nucleated cells. Validation of the mononuclear cell preparation can be performed by flow cytometry or by counting cell populations on the slide. Conclusions: Our results show that the purity of the Histopaque-1077 mononuclear cell preparation is excellent and that morphology may be sufficient to validate the mononuclear cell isolation method if flow cytometry is not available.