- Functional electrical stimulation (FES) and exoskeletons are rehabilitation technologies that provide direct functional ability and potential carryover effects
- Carryover effects may be due to neuromuscular recovery, behavioral compensation, or a combination of both (Figure 1)
- Clinical outcome assessments (COAs) are used to measure recovery of function with and without the device on
Childress, Martha K.; Biller, Olivia M.; Gerhardt, MS, OTR/L, CBIS, Nicole; Grampurohit, PhD, OTR/L, Namrata; Kim, OTD, OTR/L, Rachel Y.; and Mulcahey, PhD, OTR/L, MJ, "An Integrative Review of Clinical Outcome Assessments Used to Measure Carryover Effects of Exoskeletons and Functional Electrical Stimulation in Spinal Cord Injury" (2022). Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations. Paper 73.