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This article is the author’s final published version in JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies, Volume 9, Issue 2, April 2022, Article number e26990.

The published version is available at Copyright © JMIR Publications Inc.


Background: BrightArm Compact is a new rehabilitation system for the upper extremities. It provides bimanual training with gradated gravity loading and mediates interactions with cognitively challenging serious games.

Objective: The aim of this study is to design and test a robotic rehabilitation table-based virtual rehabilitation system for functional impact of the integrative training in the early poststroke phase.

Methods: A new robotic rehabilitation table, controllers, and adaptive games were developed. The 2 participants underwent 12 experimental sessions in addition to the standard of care. Standardized measures of upper extremity function (primary outcome), depression, and cognition were administered before and after the intervention. Nonstandardized measures included game variables and subjective evaluations.

Results: The 2 case study participants attained high total arm repetitions per session (504 and 957) and achieved high grasp and finger-extension counts. Training intensity contributed to marked improvements in affected shoulder strength (225% and 100% increase), grasp strength (27% and 16% increase), and pinch strength (31% and 15% increase). The shoulder flexion range increased by 17% and 18% and elbow supination range by 75% and 58%. Improvements in motor function were at or above minimal clinically important difference for the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (11 and 10 points), Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (11 and 14 points), and Upper Extremity Functional Index (19 and 23 points). Cognitive and emotive outcomes were mixed. Subjective rating by participants and training therapists were positive (average 4, SD 0.22, on a 5-point Likert scale).

Conclusions: The design of the robotic rehabilitation table was tested on 2 participants in the early poststroke phase, and results are encouraging for upper extremity functional gains and technology acceptance.

Trial registration: NCT04252170;

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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