Direct observation and the use of the observational instruments are not clinically useful in predicting milk intake in preterm infants.
PHA, PNA, and BFE should not be used arbitrarily as predictor variables
Test weighing is the most reliable method to measure milk intake.
The PIBBS is a reliable instrument when used by trained lactation specialists but not predictive of milk intake in preterm infants for the volume of milk intake in preterm infants.
Recommended CitationPhalen, Ann, "Human Milk Intake in Preterm Infants: Correlation of the Preterm Infant Breastfeeding Behavior Scale (PIBBS) and Test Weighing" (2011). College of Nursing Faculty Papers & Presentations. Paper 41.