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This is the final published article from the Global Spine Journal, 2022,Vol.12 (7) 1400–1406

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STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort.

OBJECTIVE: A review of efficiency and safety of fluoroscopy and stereotactic navigation system for minimally invasive (MIS) Sacroiliac (SI) fusion through a lateral technique.

METHODS: Retrospective analysis of an observational cohort of 96 patients greater than 18 years old, that underwent MIS SI fusion guided by fluoroscopy or navigation between January 2013 and April 2020 with a minimum of 3 months follow-up. Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) with a variable combination of electromyography (EMG), somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) was also utilized.

RESULTS: The overall complication rate in the study was 9.4%, and there was no difference between the fluoroscopy (10.1%), and navigation groups (8%). Neurological complication rate was 2.1%, without a significant difference between both intraoperative guidance modality groups (p = 0.227). There was a significant difference between the modalities of IONM used and the occurrence of neurological injury (p = 0.01).The 2 patients who had a neurological complication postoperatively were monitored only with EMG and SSEP, but none of the patients (n = 76) in which MEPs were utilized had neurologic complication. The mean pain improvement 3 months after surgery was greater in the navigation group (2.44 ± 2.72), but was not statistically different than the improvement in the fluoroscopy group (1.90 ± 2.07) (p = 0.301).

CONCLUSIONS: No difference in the safety of the procedure was found between the fluoroscopy and the stereotactic navigation techniques. The contribution of the IONM to the safety of SI fusions could not be determined, but the data indicates that MEPs provide the highest level of sensitivity.

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