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This article is the author’s final published version in Epilepsy and Behavior, Volume 111, October 2020, Article number 107241.

The published version is available at Copyright © Mesraoua et al.


New imaging technologies have advanced our ability to localize the epileptogenic zone in patients with epilepsy. As a result of the constant improvement of the image quality, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the most important ancillary tool in the management of patients with epilepsy. Magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of patients with epilepsy should be done using a special temporal lobe protocol and read by physicians experienced with the findings in patients with epilepsy. On the other hand, in the healthy populations, incidental structural brain abnormalities have been reported in 18% of people. Incidental, subtle, or unexpected structural brain abnormalities have also been reported in many patients who were investigated because of having seizures. In the current narrative review, we will discuss some of these instances, where structural brain abnormalities are discovered unexpectedly, are subtle (but important) and/or may be considered as incidental.

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