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This article has been peer reviewed. It is the authors' final version prior to publication in World Neurosurgery, Volume 91, July 2016, Pages 205-209.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.04.022. Copyright © Elsevier


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible influence of risk factors on seizure outcome after surgery for drug-resistant nonlesional temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).

METHODS: This retrospective study recruited patients with drug-resistant nonlesional TLE who underwent epilepsy surgery at Jefferson Comprehensive Epilepsy Center and were followed for a minimum of one year. Patients had been prospectively registered in a database from 1991 through 2014. Postsurgical outcome was classified into two groups; seizure free or relapsed. The possible risk factors influencing long-term seizure outcome after surgery were investigated.

RESULTS: Ninety-five patients (42 males and 53 females) were studied. Fifty-four (56.8%) patients were seizure free. Only a history of febrile seizure in childhood affected the risk of post-operative seizure recurrence (odds ratio 0.22; 95% CI: 0.06-0.83; p = 0.02). Gender, race, family history of epilepsy, history of status epilepticus, duration of disease before surgery, aura symptoms, intelligence quotient, and seizure type or frequency were not predictors of outcome.

CONCLUSION: Many patients with drug-resistant nonlesional TLE responded favorably to surgery. The only factor predictive of seizure outcome after surgery was a history of febrile seizure in childhood. It is critical to distinguish among different types of TLE when assessing outcome after surgery.

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