OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible influence of risk factors on seizure outcome after surgery for drug-resistant nonlesional temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).
METHODS: This retrospective study recruited patients with drug-resistant nonlesional TLE who underwent epilepsy surgery at Jefferson Comprehensive Epilepsy Center and were followed for a minimum of one year. Patients had been prospectively registered in a database from 1991 through 2014. Postsurgical outcome was classified into two groups; seizure free or relapsed. The possible risk factors influencing long-term seizure outcome after surgery were investigated.
RESULTS: Ninety-five patients (42 males and 53 females) were studied. Fifty-four (56.8%) patients were seizure free. Only a history of febrile seizure in childhood affected the risk of post-operative seizure recurrence (odds ratio 0.22; 95% CI: 0.06-0.83; p = 0.02). Gender, race, family history of epilepsy, history of status epilepticus, duration of disease before surgery, aura symptoms, intelligence quotient, and seizure type or frequency were not predictors of outcome.
CONCLUSION: Many patients with drug-resistant nonlesional TLE responded favorably to surgery. The only factor predictive of seizure outcome after surgery was a history of febrile seizure in childhood. It is critical to distinguish among different types of TLE when assessing outcome after surgery.
Recommended CitationAsadi-Pooya, Ali Akbar; Nei, Maromi; Sharan, Ashwini; and Sperling, Michael R., "Patient historical risk factors associated with seizure outcome after surgery for drug-resistant nonlesional temporal lobe epilepsy." (2016). Department of Neurology Faculty Papers. Paper 110.