The Prevalence of Microalbuminuria in Adolescents with Obesity in United States Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Data 2011-2016TA 2011-2016

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The prevalence of obesity in adolescents between 12-19 years old is 20.6%. Studies have shown that there is a relationship between albuminuria and obesity in pediatrics. Presence of microalbuminuria is an early predictor for renal and cardiovascular disease. A previous study using NHANES 1999-2004 has shown that the prevalence of microalbuminuria in adolescents is 8.9%. The primary objective of this study evaluated the prevalence of microalbuminuria in adolescents with or without obesity using the NHANES 2011-2016. The secondary objective is to determine the cardiovascular risk factors associated with microalbuminuria. This is a retrospective secondary analysis of NHANES 2011-2016 data of patients. Inclusion criteria were patients between the age of 12-19 years. Patients were excluded if they had type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, urinary albumin to creatinine ratio ≥ 300mg/g, fasting glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL, HbA1c ≥ 6.5%, fasting time < 8 hours and incomplete data. Means and proportions of clinical characteristics were compared using t-test and Chi-square. The study included 1316 adolescents. 22.1% (n=303) of adolescents were obese and 77.89% (n=1013) were not obese, p0.05). Elevated triglycerides, TG/HDL and HbA1c were associated with microalbuminuria along with metabolic syndrome and low LDL in adolescents with obesity. Prevalence of microalbuminuria was lower in adolescents with obesity compared to those without obesity.



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