Hospice care is family-centered care, that is offered once all curative measures are exhausted and an individual is expected to live less than six months. It helps an individual with a terminal illness live as well as possible for as long as possible by focusing on symptom management, aiding in the coordination of the patient’s care, helping make informed decisions, improving communication amongst everyone involved in the patient’s care, and providing clarity on patient care goals.
Despite its benefits, not everyone utilizes hospice at the same rate. Most beneficiaries are non-Hispanic Whites. Latinos remain less likely to use hospice, and this is significant because this population is steadily growing and aging. In 2017, there were 1.49 million hospice patients and of that; only 2% of all hospice patients were Latino.
This is significant in public health because hospice increases life expectancy, improves quality of life, and saves money by decreasing the need for inpatient care. This capstone project aimed to understand how different groups understand the meaning of hospice and to achieve this, intercept interviews were conducted to explore attitudes toward hospice among English and non-English speakers. The most salient terms were categorized in the order in which they were stated, and the data was displayed using a scree plot. The results showed that the English only and English plus Spanish speakers may be more familiar with hospice care than Spanish only speakers and may have fewer negative attitudes toward hospice care than Spanish only speakers.
Fortin, Leslie, "Freelisting Project Exploring Attitudes Toward Hospice Among English and Non-English Speakers" (2022). Master of Public Health Capstone Presentations. Presentation 464.