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Presentation: 4:49


Social capital has been identified as a critical part of building community health resilience for disasters. Little is known about the impact of social capital on responder self-efficacy. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between social capital and the self-efficacy of Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) volunteer responders to perform their learned disaster response skills. After searching for CERT organizations in Pennsylvania, the 27 counties with a CERT organization and 2 regional CERT organizations were contacted to distribute an online survey during November and December 2018. The survey was distributed to members of 12 CERT organizations to collect information on respondent’s demographics, time since they were trained, time living in their community, marital status, health status, and household size. Social capital was measured using the Personal Social Capital Score-16 scale. Self-efficacy of responders’ skills was assessed by asking respondents to rate their confidence in 5 disaster skill areas. Each variable was tested against the self-efficacy score using an ANOVA model and included into a multivariate linear regression model if the result was significant at a level of ppp= 0.163). Among the study sample, social capital was not associated with self-efficacy of CERT volunteers to perform disaster response skills. Emergency planners looking to increase community health resilience for disasters should consider implementing CERT to increase the number of volunteer responders and social capital for other community emergency preparedness efforts.