BACKGROUND AND AIM: Implantable cardiac monitors (ICM) can facilitate the detection of asymptomatic atrial fibrillation episodes. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether ICM can prevent stroke in patients with prior stroke and risk factors for stroke.
METHODS: This study included randomized controlled trials comparing ICM with conventional (non-ICM) external cardiac monitoring in patients with prior stroke and risk factors for stroke. We searched Medline, Embase, and CENTRAL from inception until January 5, 2022, without language restriction. Quantitative pooling of the data was undertaken using a random-effects model. The primary outcome was ischemic stroke at the longest follow-up.
RESULTS: Four trials comprising 7237 patients were included. ICM was significantly associated with decreased risk of ischemic stroke (RR 0.76; 95% CI, 0.59-0.97; moderate-quality evidence) in patients with prior stroke and risk factors for stroke. ICM was associated with higher detection of atrial fibrillation (RR 4.21, 95% CI 2.26-7.85) and use of oral anticoagulants (RR 2.29, 95% CI 2.07-2.55).
CONCLUSIONS: ICM results in a significantly lower risk of ischemic stroke than conventional (non-ICM) external cardiac monitoring in patients with prior stroke and risk factors for stroke. Due to the clinical heterogeneity of study population and limited related studies, more trials were needed to furtherly explore the topic in patients with prior stroke or high risk of stroke.
He, Jialing; Jiang, Yaxin; Xiao, Yangchun; Hao, Pengfei; Li, Tiangui; Peng, Liyuan; Feng, Yuning; Cheng, Xin; Deng, Haidong; Wang, Peng; Chong, Weelic; Hai, Yang; Chen, Lvlin; You, Chao; Jia, Lu; Fang, Fang; Yu, Shui; and Zhang, Yu, "Effect of Implantable Cardiac Monitors on Preventing Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials" (2023). Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers. Paper 243.
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S1 Checklist. PRISMA 2020 checklist.
journal.pone.0287318.s002.docx (16 kB)
S1Table. Search strategy.
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S2 Table. Sensitivity analysis of meta-analysis.
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S3 Table. Excluded studies after full-text review.
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S1 Fig. Risk of bias summary.
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S2 Fig. Risk of bias graph.
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S3 Fig. Subgroup analysis of meta-analysis.