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This article is the author's final published version in Resuscitation Plus, Volume 8, December 2021, Article number 100162.

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INTRODUCTION: Video recording and video evaluation tools have been successfully used to evaluate neonatal resuscitation performance. The objective of our study was to evaluate differences in Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) adherence at time of birth between three temporal resuscitative periods using scored video recordings.

METHODS: This is a retrospective review of in-situ resuscitation video recordings from a level 3 perinatal center between 2017 and 2018. The modified Neonatal Resuscitation Assessment (mNRA) scoring tool was used as a surrogate marker to assess NRP adherence during daytime, evening, and nighttime hours.

RESULTS: A total of 260 resuscitations, of which 258 were births via Cesarean section, were assessed. mNRA composite scores were 86.2% during daytime hours, 87% during evening hours, and 86.6% during nighttime hours. There were no significant differences in mNRA composite scores between any of the three time periods. Differences remained statistically similar after controlling for complexity of resuscitations with administration of positive pressure ventilation (PPV), intubation, or chest compressions.

CONCLUSION: Overall adherence to NRP, as measured by composite mNRA scores as a surrogate marker, was high across all three daily resuscitative periods without significant differences between daytime, evening, and nighttime hours.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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