Shirin Heidari, International AIDS Society, Geneva, Switzerland
Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa ; Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University
Judith D Auerbach, Independent Science and Policy Consultant, San Francisco, CA, United States
Simone E Buitendijk, Leiden University
Pedro Cahn, Fundacián Huesped, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Mirjam J Curno, International AIDS Society, Geneva, Switzerland
Catherine Hankins, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Elly Katabira, Department of Research, Makerere Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
Susan Kippax, Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Richard Marlink, Harvard School of Public Health; Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, Los Angeles
Joan Marsh, Wiley-Blackwell, International House, London
Ana Marusic, Department of Research in Biomedicine and Health, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
Heidi M Nass, Madison, WI, USA
Julio Montaner, Division of AIDS, University of British Columbia; BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, St. Paul's Hospital, Providence Healthcare, Vancouver
Elizabeth Pollitzer, Portia Ltd, London
Maria Teresa Ruiz-Cantero, CIBERESP, University of Alicante
Lorraine Sherr, Department of Infection and Population Health, University College London
Papa Salif Sow, Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Dakar, Dakar, Senegal
Kathleen Squires, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson UniversityFollow
Mark A Wainberg, McGill University AIDS Centre, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal

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This article has been peer reviewed. It was published in: Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Volume 15, Issue 1, 2012, Article number 11.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1186/1758-2652-15-11.

Copyright © 2012 Heidari et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Sex and gender differences influence the health and wellbeing of men and women. Although studies have drawn attention to observed differences between women and men across diseases, remarkably little research has been pursued to systematically investigate these underlying sex differences. Women continue to be underrepresented in clinical trials, and even in studies in which both men and women participate, systematic analysis of data to identify potential sex-based differences is lacking. Standards for reporting of clinical trials have been established to ensure provision of complete, transparent and critical information. An important step in addressing the gender imbalance would be inclusion of a gender perspective in the next Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guideline revision. Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, as a set of well-recognized and widely used guidelines for authors and biomedical journals, should similarly emphasize the ethical obligation of authors to present data analyzed by gender as a matter of routine. Journal editors are also promoters of ethical research and adequate standards of reporting, and requirements for inclusion of gender analyses should be integrated into editorial policies as a matter of urgency.

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