Document Type


Publication Date



This article is the author's final published version in American Heart Journal Plus: Cardiology Research and Practice, Volume 13, January 2022, Article number 100111.

The published version is available at Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Study objective: This study sought to assess the predictive value of H2FPEF score in patients with COVID-19.

Design: Retrospective study.

Setting: Rush University Medical Center.

Participants: A total of 1682 patients had an echocardiogram in the year preceding their COVID-19 admission with a preserved ejection fraction (≥50%). A total of 156 patients met inclusion criteria. Interventions: Patients were divided into H2FPEF into low (0–2), intermediate (3–5), and high (6–9) score H2FPEF groups and outcomes were compared.

Main outcome measures: Adjusted multivariable logistic regression models evaluated the association between H2FPEF score group and a composite outcome for severe COVID-19 infection consisting of (1) 60-day mortality or illness requiring (2) intensive care unit, (3) intubation, or (4) non-invasive positive pressure ventilation.

Results: High H2FPEF scores were at increased risk for severe COVID-19 infection when compared intermediate to H2FPEF score groups (OR 2.18 [CI: 1.01–4.80]; p = 0.049) and low H2FPEF score groups (OR 2.99 [CI: 1.22–7.61]; p < 0.05). There was no difference in outcome between intermediate H2FPEF scores (OR 1.34 [CI: 0.59–3.16]; p = 0.489) and low H2FPEF score.

Conclusions: Patients with a high H2FPEF score were at increased risk for severe COVID-19 infection when compared to patients with an intermediate or low H2FPEF score regardless of regardless of coronary artery disease and chronic kidney disease.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.