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This article is the author's final published version in Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Volume 12, July 2021, Pages S275 - S289.

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Open Access Statement: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits the non-commercial replication and distribution of the article with the strict proviso that no changes or edits are made and the original work is properly cited (including links to both the formal publication through the relevant DOI and the license). See:


In 2018, approximately 18 million people worldwide were diagnosed with cancer and are predicted to double by 2040. The global quality chasm in improving health care worldwide requires “systems thinking” as the key to success. Aligning the goal around person-centered care captures the total needs of care of a population and not just disease categories. The integration of the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) six aims of quality termed “value-based focused” and population health management (PHM) provides all health care leaders grappling with improving the health care of the populations a framework for the communities they serve. In this context, the question becomes finding solutions to providing high quality, compassionate and patient-centered health care delivery. Over the last two decades, three paradigms have emerged; the six aims of quality, outcome-focused population health, and the “Quadruple Aim”. We have termed the intersection of these concepts as Value-based focused Population Health Management (VBPHM). This review applies VBPHM across the geographic county and community levels in the United States. Specifically, we examine VBPHM at the county or county-equivalents and community levels within the United States. Lastly, the potential role of Community-based Participatory Research and it is applicability to our framework is discussed. VBPHM can comparably be applied globally to improve population health, especially in preventing and treating cancer better.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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