BACKGROUND: Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has antiangiogenic, antioxidant, and antifibrotic properties that may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of cirrhosis induced by hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, cirrhosis might affect EGCG disposition and augment its reported dose-dependent hepatotoxic potential.
OBJECTIVE: The safety, tolerability, and disposition of a single oral dose of EGCG in cirrhotic patients with HCV were examined in an exploratory fashion.
METHODS: Eleven patients with hepatitis C and detectable viremia were enrolled. Four had Child-Pugh (CP) class A cirrhosis, 4 had Child-Pugh class B cirrhosis, and 3 were noncirrhotic. After a single oral dose of green tea extract 400 mg containing 94% pure EGCG, blood for EGCG levels and safety parameters was ascertained at 2, 4, and 10 hours.
RESULTS: C(max) and AUC to EGCG overlapped among the 3 groups, which suggests that the disposition of EGCG was not significantly altered in these patients with cirrhosis.
CONCLUSIONS: A single 400-mg oral dose of EGCG was safe and well tolerated by all of the patients in the study. These results provide guidance for the continued investigation of the long-term safety and antitumor potential of EGCG in cirrhotic patients with HCV.
Recommended CitationHalegoua-De Marzio, Dina; Kraft, Walter K.; Daskalakis, Constantine; Ying, Xie; Hawke, Roy L; and Navarro, Victor J., "Limited sampling estimates of epigallocatechin gallate exposures in cirrhotic and noncirrhotic patients with hepatitis C after single oral doses of green tea extract." (2012). Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers. Paper 17.