The relationship between obesity and cancer screening varies by screening test, race, and gender. Most studies on cervical cancer screening found a negative association between increasing weight and screening, and this negative association was most consistent in white women. Recent literature on mammography reports no association with weight. However, some studies show a negative association in white, but not black, women. In contrast, obese/overweight men reported higher rates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing. Comparison of prostate cancer screening, mammography, and Pap smears implies a gender difference in the relationship between screening behavior and weight. In colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, the relationship between weight and screening in men is inconsistent, while there is a trend towards lower CRC screening in higher weight women.
Fagan, Heather Bittner; Wender, Richard; Myers, Ronald E; and Petrelli, Nicholas, "Obesity and Cancer Screening according to Race and Gender." (2011). Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty Papers. Paper 26.
This article has been peer reviewed. It was published in Journal of Obesity.
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 218250, 10 pages.
The published version is available at DOI: 10.1155/2011/218250. Copyright © Hindawi Publishing Corporation