Surgical resection is an important avenue for cancer treatment, which, in most cases, can effectively alleviate the patient symptoms. However, accumulating evidence has documented that surgical resection potentially enhances metastatic seeding of tumor cells. In this review, we revisit the literature on surgical stress, and outline the mechanisms by which surgical stress, including ischemia/reperfusion injury, activation of sympathetic nervous system, inflammation, systemically hypercoagulable state, immune suppression and effects of anesthetic agents, promotes tumor metastasis. We also propose preventive strategies or resolution of tumor metastasis caused by surgical stress.
Recommended CitationChen, Zhiwei; Zhang, Peidong; Xu, Ya; Yan, Jiahui; Liu, Zixuan; Lau, Wayne Bond; Lau, Bonnie; Li, Ying; Zhao, Xia; Wei, Yuquan; and Zhou, Shengtao, "Surgical stress and cancer progression: the twisted tango." (2019). Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers. Paper 93.
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