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This article has been peer reviewed. It is the authors' final version prior to publication in Neurophamacology Volume 56, Issue 5, April 2009, Pages 922-928. The published version is available at . DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2009.01.022. Copyright © Elsevier Inc..


Hemoglobin breakdown produces an iron-dependent neuronal injury after experimental CNS hemorrhage that may be attenuated by heme oxygenase (HO) inhibitors. The HO enzymes are phosphoproteins that are activated by phosphorylation in vitro. While testing the effect of kinase inhibitors in cortical cell cultures, we observed that HO activity was consistently decreased by the MEK inhibitor U0126. The present study tested the hypothesis that MEK/ERK pathway inhibitors reduce HO activity and neuronal vulnerability to hemoglobin. The MEK inhibitors U0126 and SL327 and the ERK inhibitor FR180204 reduced baseline culture HO activity by 35-50%, without altering the activity of recombinant HO-1 or HO-2; negative control compounds U0124 and FR180289 had no effect. Hemoglobin exposure for 16h produced widespread neuronal injury, manifested by release of 59.2+/-7.8% of neuronal lactate dehydrogenase and a twelve-fold increase in malondialdehyde; kinase inhibitors were highly protective. HO-1 induction after hemoglobin treatment was also decreased by U0126, SL327, and FR180204. These results suggest that reduction in HO activity may contribute to the protective effect of MEK and ERK inhibitors against heme-mediated neuronal injury.

MEK paper 1-12-09.ppt (3345 kB)
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