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Poster presented at: American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) conference.

Introduction: -Up to 40% of ED visits include diagnostic blood tests and 26% result in administration of IV fluids necessitating successful peripheral intravenous (IV) catheter placement.1 -There is a subset of patients with difficult IV access (DIVA) in which traditional cannulation methods are unsuccessful resulting in central venous cannulation (CVC). -CVCs have a 5-15 percent complication rate2 and attributable costs per CVC related infection have been estimated at $34,508-$56,000.3 -Ultrasound-guided peripheral IV catheters (USGPIVs) provide a method of potentially decreasing the need for CVC placement, however due to poor durability of USGPIVs the actual reduction in CVCs is unclear. -This study set out to quantify the reduction in CVCs in patients with DIVA by utilization of USGPIVs. Paper will be be published in: American Journal of Emergency Medicine